New species of endophytic fungi from grapevine (Vitis vinifera) in Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 MSc Student, Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran

3 Prof., Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran (jnikkhah@ut.ac.ir)

4 Researcher, Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources Department, IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all’Adige, Italy

Abstract

During the study on endophytic fungi of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.), 655 fungal isolates were obtained and studied taxonomically. Based on morphological and ITS sequences data, 15 species belonging to 10 genera including Alternaria brassicicola, A. chlamydospora, A. malorum, A. atra, Arthrinium phaeospermum, A. sacchari, Aspergillus nidulans, A. wentii, Beauveria bassiana, Cheatomium elatum, Epicoccum nigrum, Geosmithia pallida, Paecillomyces variotii, Cytospora punicae,and Verrucobotrys geranii are introduced as endophytic fungi of grapevine. Grapevineis as matrix nova for all mentioned species in Iran. Also, all identified species except A. phaeospermum, B. bassiana, and E. nigrum are reported for the first time as endophytic fungi of grapevine worldwide. Four species viz. A. sacchari, C. punicae, G. pallid, and V. geranii are introduced and described for the first time from Iran.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

معرفی گونه‌های جدیدی از قارچ‌های اندوفیت مو در ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • نازدار هرقلی 1
  • یوبرت قوستا 2
  • محمد جوان ‌نیکخواه 3
  • آندریا کامپیسانو 4
  • میشایل پانچر 4
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج
2 استادیار گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه
3 استاد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج
4 محقق گروه اکوسیستم کشاورزی و منابع زیستی پایدار، مرکز تحقیقات و نوآوری IASMA، ایتالیا
Abstract [Persian]

در این پژوهش، تعداد 655 جدایه اندوفیت قارچی از مو (Vitis vinifera L.) جداسازی شده و مورد مطالعه تاکسونومیکی قرار گرفتند. براساس مطالعات ریخت‌شناختی و توالی‌یابی ناحیه ITSاز DNAریبوزومی،15 گونه متعلق به 10 جنس شامل:Alternaria brassicicola، A. chlamydospora، A. malorum، A. atra، Arthrinium phaeospermum، A. sacchari،Aspergillus nidulans، A. wentii، Beauveria bassiana، Chaetomium elatum، Epicoccum nigrum، Geosmithia pallida، Paecilomyces variotii، Cytospora punicae و Verrucobotrys geranii به عنوان قارچ‌های اندوفیت از مو شناسایی و معرفی می‌شوند. انگور به عنوان میزبان جدید برای همه گونه‌های ذکر شده در ایران می‌باشد. همچنین، به غیر از گونه‌های A. phaeospermum، B. bassiana و E. nigrum، بقیه گونه‌های ذکر شده برای نخستین بار در دنیا به عنوان قارچ‌های اندوفیت از مو گزارش می‌شوند. چهار گونه شامل: A. sacchari، C. punicae،G. pallida و V. geranii برای نخستین بار از ایران گزارش و توصیف می‌شوند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • آرایه‌بندی
  • دی.ان.ای ریبوزومی
  • ریخت‌شناسی
  • قارچ‌ اندوفیت
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