Some species of fungi associated with declined Persian oak trees in Ilam province with emphasis on new records to mycobiota of Iran

Document Type: Systematics and Biodiversity of Fungi

Authors

1 MSc Graduate in Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 Prof. of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj 31587-77871, Iran

3 Research Assistant Prof., Microbial Biotechnology Department, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization ‌(AREEO), Karaj, Iran

4 Expert, Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organization, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Zagros vegetation zone is one of the most important forest regions in Iran, which consists of a diverse group of arboreal species, especially oaks (Quercus spp.). Ilam province located in west of Iran and in Zagros vegetation zone which has 641000 ha of oak forests that its dominant species is Persian oak (Q. brantii). Oak trees decline is a complicated phenomenon that may result from different kinds of agents such as fungi. In order to study on fungi associated with oak trees decline, different parts of symptomatic Persian oak trees were sampled in different regions of Ilam province during the summer and autumn of 2014–15. Fungal species were identified according to either morphological or molecular characteristics obtained from ITS of ribosomal DNA. Eleven species of eight fungal genera were identified that all of them are reported for the first time as Persian oak-associated species. Also three species including Immersidiscosia eucalypti, Petriella sordida, and Neocamarosporium obiones are reported and fully described here as new records to mycobiota of Iran.
 

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

برخی قارچ‌های همراه با درختان بلوط ایرانی با علایم زوال در استان ایلام با تاکید بر آرایه‌های جدید برای میکوبیوتای ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • امین علیدادی 1
  • محمد جوان نیکخواه 2
  • مژگان کوثری 3
  • سعدی کرمی 1
  • مرتضی ابراهیم رستاقی 4
1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد بیماری‌شناسی گیاهی، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران
2 استاد گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران
3 استادیار پژوهش بخش بیوتکنولوژی میکروبی، پژوهشگاه بیوتکنولوژی کشاورزی ایران، سازمان تحقیقات، ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، کرج، ایران
4 کارشناس سازمان جنگل‌ها، مراتع و آبخیزداری کشور، تهران، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

ناحیه رویشی زاگرس به عنوان یکی از مهم‌ترین مناطق جنگلی ایران، در بردارنده گونه‌های درختی مختلفی به ویژه گونه‌های بلوط
(Quercus spp.) می‌باشد. استان ایلام که در حوزه رویشی زاگرس قرار می‌گیرد دارای جنگل‌های وسیعی بوده که گونه غالب جنگل‌های این ناحیه را بلوط ایرانی (Q. brantii) تشکیل می‌دهد. زوال بلوط پدیده‌ای است که می‌تواند در اثر عوامل مختلفی از جمله قارچ‌ها ایجاد شود. به این ترتیب در این مطالعه،
به منظور جمع‌آوری و بررسی عوامل قارچی همراه با علایم زوال درختان بلوط در استان ایلام، نمونه‌‌برداری از مناطق مختلف جنگلی استان ایلام و از اندام‌های مختلف درختان بلوط طی تابستان و پاییز سال‌های 1393 و 1394 انجام پذیرفت. شناسایی گونه‌های قارچی براساس خصوصیات ریخت‌شناختی و اطلاعات توالی حاصل از نواحی ITS از DNA ریبوزومی صورت پذیرفت. به این ترتیب، تعداد 11 گونه قارچی از هشت جنس مختلف قارچی شناسایی شد. گزارش وجود گونه‌های Immersidiscosia eucalypti، Petriella sordida وNeocamarosporiumobiones  برای فلور قارچی ایران جدید می‌باشد. علاوه‌براین، تمامی گونه‌های قارچی شناسایی شده در این مطالعه، برای نخستین بار از درختان بلوط ایرانی جداسازی و گزارش می‌شوند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • دی.ان.ای ریبوزومی
  • ریخت‌شناسی
  • فیلوژنی
  • مناطق جنگلی
  • ناحیه رویشی زاگرس
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